A publication for education leaders from education leaders
The Line is a twice-yearly publication of the Frontline Research & Learning Institute, whose purpose is to offer new ideas and insight and encourage civil discourse on the most significant K-12 issues we face. You’ll see this mission reflected in the stories we tell and how we tell them. We ask questions that get at the crux of how leaders engage with advocates and adversaries alike when the well-being and education of children are at stake.
Engagement and thoughtful debate isn’t a choice but an imperative to bettering public education. Leaders need a forum for the exchange of ideas and information – they’ll find that here. This site comprises a digital version of the print publication along with web-exclusive content and various outlets for civil discourse, like the ability to annotate articles, which we believe will help drive fact-based engagement.
John E. Deasy, lifelong education advocate and former Los Angeles Unified School District superintendent, is editor-in-chief for The Line. Under John’s leadership, an editorial advisory board of diverse backgrounds, politics and opinions helps guide the development of the publication.
If our efforts influence your work in this regard, please tell us by joining the discussion here or on Twitter.
The Line Editorial Advisory Board On Civil Discourse
In all our activities, we promote, model and support civil discourse. We eschew the hopelessness and permanence in the oft-used expression: “We agree to disagree,” in that it implies we will remain politely silent and immovable.
In our work, we are predisposed to action. We directly seek to sit close to difference and seek to understand opposing viewpoints so that we can help ourselves and others come to the place of intersection like that in a Venn diagram, where new learning begets agreement on action.
The increasingly polarized rhetoric and vocalization of disagreement in our society finds itself squarely in the daily events of public education where the arguments appear to rely more on volume rather than evidence. The Line respects various opinions; however, we anchor all our arguments in evidence and facts. In this environment, it is certainly our responsibility to hear all arguments but it is not, and cannot be, our obligation to weigh all arguments equally.
We believe in public education. We believe that education will and must evolve to meet the needs of our marvelously diverse student population across America and constantly improve to meet the ambitions of us as a people and nation. Within the boundaries of these beliefs there is ample room for both passion and evidence-based discussion. We understand that ideas and opportunities wither without civil discourse and hold at the center of our mission the essential understanding that civil discourse bridges difference rather than strengthens divide.
Get to know our Editorial Advisory Board
CEO, New Day New Year And Founder, Cambiar Education
Professor Of Practice
Harvard Graduate School Of Education
Chief Program Officer
Denver Public Schools
Boston Public Schools
The Danielson Group
Harvard Business School
Fresno Unified School District
Director, Center for Educational Reform
Resident Scholar And Director Of Education Policy Studies
American Enterprise Institute
The School District Of Philadelphia
California State Teachers’ Retirement System
Chief Academic Officer
Oklahoma City Schools
Teach Plus, Massachusetts
Co-founder & Partner
Founder And CEO
Superintendent of Public Instruction
North Dakota Schools
John E. Deasy, Ph.D.
John E. Deasy consults for The Broad Center for the Management of School Systems as superintendent-in-residence, providing executive coaching to Center alumni leading urban public school systems and facilitating professional development sessions for The Broad Academy. Deasy has recently become the CEO of New Day New Year and The Reset Organization. Through this start up organization, he is opening a series of alternative juvenile correction facilities. The promise is to cut recidivism by 50 percent and have all youth return to community substance-free, resilient, employed, and on track to graduate high school or enroll in post-secondary education. Deasy is also the founding partner of Cambiar and the editor-in-chief of The Line. He was also superintendent of the Los Angeles Unified School District, the nation’s second largest, where his “youth first” agenda is credited with raising achievement and graduation rates to record-high levels. Deasy previously served as superintendent in Prince George’s County Public Schools in Maryland, Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District in California and Coventry Public Schools in Rhode Island.
Andres Antonio Alonso, Ed.D.
Andres A. Alonso teaches a course on urban and systemic reform and contributes to leadership programs such as the Doctorate in Educational Leadership (Ed.L.D.) and the Public Education Leadership Project (PELP). Alonso began his tenure as professor of practice at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, where he received his doctorate as part of the former Urban Superintendents Program. Alonso served as CEO of Baltimore City Public Schools (City Schools) for six years, where he led a reform effort marked by a rebalancing of authority and responsibility among stakeholders, the building of a coalition in support of City Schools, leading edge labor contracts, and a focus on individual students and teaching and learning that yielded marked improvement in achievement and climate data across all levels, the first increases in enrollment in 40 years, and widespread political and ground root support for what have been divisive reform strategies in other districts. Before Baltimore, he was chief of staff and then deputy chancellor for teaching and learning during the first phase of New York’s Children First reforms. He spent 12 years as a teacher of English language learners and students with disabilities in Newark, N.J.
Jaime Aquino, Ph.D.
Jaime Aquino serves as the chief program officer of New Leaders, a national not-for-profit that prepares education leaders to deliver breakthrough results in America’s highest-need schools. Aquino has held top leadership positions in several districts. Most recently, he served as deputy superintendent of instruction for Los Angeles Unified School District, chief academic officer in Denver, and deputy superintendent for curriculum and instruction for the Hartford Public Schools. In New York City, Aquino served in many capacities. In addition to being a teacher, he was also a mathematics and science staff developer, a mathematics coordinator, a director of bilingual education programs, a curriculum writer, deputy executive director for the Division of Instructional Support and local instructional superintendent. During his tenure in these four districts, he implemented instructional reform agendas that led to significant gains in student achievement.
Tom Boasberg, J.D.
As superintendent of Denver Public Schools (DPS) since 2009, Tom Boasberg has led the city’s efforts to accelerate the progress of its nearly 92,000 students. Denver has received national recognition during this time for its exceptional leadership development programs for teachers, school leaders and principal supervisors; its school choice program; its collaboration among district-run and charter schools; and its creation of promising new schools. Before DPS, Boasberg worked for eight years at Level 3 Communications, where he was group vice president for corporate development. He also served as legal advisor to Reed Hundt, chairman of the Federal Communications Commission. Prior to the FCC, he served for three years as chief of staff to Lee Chu-Ming, chairman of Hong Kong’s largest political party. A speaker of Cantonese and Mandarin Chinese, he also worked as a junior high school English teacher in Hong Kong’s public schools and played semi-professional basketball in Hong Kong. He earned his bachelor’s degree Summa Cum Laude in history from Yale College and J.D. with Distinction from Stanford Law School. At Yale, he was selected as a Harry S. Truman Scholar.
Tommy Chang, Ed.D.
Tommy Chang took over as leader of the Boston Public Schools (BPS) in July 2015. During his tenure in Boston, Chang has overseen the creation of a strategic implementation plan that serves as a roadmap to guide the district’s work in closing achievement and opportunity gaps, as well as promoting greater equity, coherence and innovation. With support from Boston Mayor Martin J. Walsh, Chang and his BPS finance team also made strategic investments that enabled the continued expansion of the district’s nationally recognized early education programming. In March 2015, the Boston School Committee selected Chang as the new BPS superintendent from a field of four finalists, awarding him a five-year contract. A former biology teacher at Compton High School in the Los Angeles area and a founding principal of a charter school in Venice, Calif., Chang previously served as special assistant to the superintendent and area superintendent of the Los Angeles Unified School District. He immigrated to the U.S. from Taiwan at age six and grew up in Southern California. Chang holds an Ed.D. in educational leadership from Loyola Marymount University, two M.Ed. degrees from UCLA, and a bachelor’s degree from the University of Pennsylvania.
Charlotte Danielson, a former economist, is an internationally recognized expert in the area of teacher effectiveness, specializing in the design of teacher evaluation systems that, while ensuring teacher quality, also promote professional learning. She advises state education departments and national ministries and departments of education in the United States and overseas. She is a keynote speaker at national and international conferences, and as a policy consultant to legislatures and administrative bodies. Danielson is a graduate of Cornell University, Oxford University and Rutgers University. She has taught at all levels and has worked as a curriculum director and staff development director, and is the founder of The Danielson Group. Her Framework for Teaching has become the most widely used definition of teaching in the United States, and has been adopted as the single model, or one of several approved models, in more than 20 states. Danielson’s many publications range from defining good teaching, to organizing schools for student success, to teacher leadership, to professional conversations, to numerous practical instruments and training programs to assist practitioners in implementing her ideas.
Allen Grossman is a senior fellow and retired professor of management practice at Harvard Business School. From 2003 until 2013, he co-founded and co-chaired the Public Education Leadership Project, a joint initiative of the Harvard Graduate School of Education and Harvard Business School to help leadership teams from public school districts improve student performance. He is currently the Harvard Business School faculty chair of a joint Harvard Business School-Harvard Graduate School of Education project to develop an online leadership and management program for K-12 principals. He is the co-author of a number of articles on philanthropy, nonprofit organizations and public education. He also co-authored a book on high performance in the nonprofit sector as well as three books on public education including “Managing School Districts for High Performance.”
Mimi Gurbst worked at ABC News for 30 years. For most of that time she was vice president of news, supervising the daily coverage of news and managing all of the personnel in the ABC News bureaus worldwide. She also served as senior producer for World News Tonight with Charlie Gibson and with Diane Sawyer. In 2010, Grubst left ABC News to pursue a lifelong interest in education. She attended the Harvard Graduate School of Education where she received her master’s degree and served part time as teaching fellow. Gurbst currently works as a consultant and a coach for school superintendents and principals, cultivating and improving their communication strategies and skills. She has worked with school leaders across the country conducting large workshops, small group training sessions and individual coaching meetings. Her clients include The Lynch Foundation, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Boston Public School’s leadership team, Oakland Public Schools, The School District of Philadelphia, San Francisco Unified School District, San Rafael Unified School District and The Broad Academy. Gurbst received her bachelor’s degree from Brandeis University.
Michael Hanson has been serving the Fresno Unified School District as superintendent since 2005. He is responsible for leading California’s fourth largest school district and overseeing the academic improvement of almost 74,000 students at 100 schools. He is also responsible for investing a $1 billion budget over the past eleven years. During his tenure, the district has dramatically improved graduation and college-going rates. Hanson currently serves as the president of the board for the CORE Districts, a non-profit organization consisting of eight districts serving over one million students in California. The CORE Districts work to be innovative, collaborative and uncommonly productive on behalf of their diverse students. Among other activities, Hanson serves on the board of directors for Valley Children’s Hospital. Hanson is a proud alumnus of UCLA as well as Harvard Graduate School of Education and Syracuse University’s School of Education.
Christina Heitz, M.B.A.
Christina Heitz is founder and CEO of Cambiar Education. Cambiar supports transformative leaders of public school systems and educational entrepreneurs to develop innovative solutions that disrupt the patterns of educational inequity. Prior to her role at Cambiar, Heitz served as managing director of The Broad Academy for nine years, leading all aspects of recruitment, selection, session design and training, and professional development. The Broad Academy is an advanced development program for talented, innovative leaders dedicated to transforming school systems so every student receives a world-class public education. The Academy works with passionate, proven leaders to catalyze equity, drive dramatic gains in student achievement, and create proof points of what is possible. Previously, Heitz worked with The Broad Foundation on a national campaign to raise public awareness about the need for improvement in K-12 public education. She also has served in leadership roles at AT&T, Northpoint Communications and SBC Communications. She started her career as a brand manager with Ralston Purina. Heitz has a bachelor’s degree in economics from Duke University and an M.B.A. from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. She was also a Pahara-Aspen Fellow.
Frederick M. Hess, Ph.D.
Frederick M. Hess is an educator, political scientist and author. His books include “The Cage-Busting Teacher,” “Cage-Busting Leadership,” “Breakthrough Leadership in the Digital Age,” “The Same Thing Over and Over,” “Education Unbound,” “Common Sense School Reform,” “Revolution at the Margins,” and “Spinning Wheels.” Hess’s work has appeared in numerous scholarly and popular outlets. He has edited widely cited volumes on the Common Core, the role of for-profits in education, education philanthropy, school costs and productivity, the impact of education research, and No Child Left Behind. Hess serves as executive editor of Education Next, as lead faculty member for the Rice Education Entrepreneurship Program, and on the review board for the Broad Prize for Public Charter Schools. He also serves on the boards of directors of the National Association of Charter School Authorizers and 4.0 SCHOOLS. A former high school social studies teacher, he teaches or has taught at the University of Virginia, the University of Pennsylvania, Georgetown University, Rice University and Harvard University. He holds an M.A. and Ph.D. in government, as well as an M.Ed. in teaching and curriculum, from Harvard University.
William R. Hite Jr., Ed.D.
With a focus on equity, innovation and quality, William R. Hite serves as superintendent of The School District of Philadelphia. Since 2012, Hite has worked to improve academics in The School District of Philadelphia while navigating a series of financial challenges. The school district’s vision is to create a system of great schools in every neighborhood. Under his leadership, the school district has opened new innovative high schools, expanded successful school models, launched in-district turnarounds, and redesigned schools in partnership with communities. His overall focus remains on strengthening all elementary and secondary school offerings. Hite has served at every level of kindergarten through 12th grade education, including teacher, principal and central office administrator in Maryland, Virginia and Georgia school districts. One of Hite’s frequent sayings is “Smart is something you become,” which speaks to his belief in the potential of all students to achieve the highest standards with access to the right teachers, coursework and opportunities.
Harry Keiley currently serves as the chairman of the Investment Committee for the California State Teachers Retirement System (CalSTRS). He was first elected to the CalSTRS Board in 2007 and re-elected in 2011 and 2015. CalSTRS, with more than $189 billion in assets under management and more than 800,000 active and retired educators, is the largest teacher pension fund in the world. In addition to his work inside the CalSTRS Board Room, Keiley has completed the UCLA Anderson School of Business program for trustees, the board effectiveness program at the University of Toronto, CalPARS Trustee forums and participated in numerous industry conferences, including the infrastructure panels at the Clinton Global Initiative. Keiley began his career as a U.S. government and economics teacher, where he was recognized as the Most Inspirational Teacher in 1999. He earned his bachelor’s degree in U.S. Government from St. Joseph’s College and master’s degrees from both Loyola Marymount University and California State University Northridge. Keiley mentors student athletes at Santa Monica High School and serves as a board member at Step Up on Second Street, a nonprofit committed to ending homelessness for chronically mentally ill individuals.
Sherry King, Ed.D.
Sherry King is currently working on a new professional development platform and supporting a new charter school in New York City. She has been a high school English teacher, high school assistant principal, principal and K-12 superintendent. She served as vice president for field services of America’s Choice, and vice president of the Pearson System of Courses, a digital curriculum for math and English language arts. She was responsible for leading the K-12 English language arts development including state adoption, field trials for both math and English language arts, first implementation in five districts, and the creation of professional development to support teachers implementing the curriculum.
As superintendent of Oklahoma City Public Schools, Aurora Lora is responsible for leading and overseeing 40,877 students and 5,017 staff members. Lora joined the Oklahoma City Public Schools team in 2014 and was responsible for developing, implementing and supervising districtwide curriculum, working with human resources to train and evaluate staff, and monitoring student achievement and school effectiveness. Prior to this, Lora served as an assistant superintendent for the Dallas Independent School District, executive director of PK-12 schools for Seattle Public Schools, and was a middle and high school principal in Portland Public Schools. A 2000 Teach for America corps member, Lora taught 4th grade at Ryan Elementary School in Houston, Texas. She holds a bachelor’s degree from the University of Texas at Austin and master’s in education policy and management from Harvard University.
Vicki Phillips, Ed.D.
Vicki Phillips currently serves as an education strategist, working with organizations and ed-tech companies devoted to the engagement and professional learning of teachers. Phillips most recently served as director of education, College Ready, for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Prior to joining the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, she was superintendent of Portland Public Schools in Portland, Ore. Earlier, Phillips served as Pennsylvania secretary of education and chief state school officer, and as superintendent in the School District of Lancaster, Penn. She previously served at the state level in her home state of Kentucky, helping to implement the sweeping changes demanded by the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990. Phillips has worked with the U.S. Department of Education and has been a middle and high school teacher. Phillips holds a bachelor’s degree in elementary and special education and a master’s degree in school psychology from Western Kentucky University. She holds a doctorate in international leadership and management from the University of Lincoln in England, and served as a founding member of the governing council for England’s National College for School Leadership. Phillips also holds three honorary doctorates and currently serves as a visiting fellow at the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
Andrew J. Rotherham
Andrew J. Rotherham is a co-founder and partner at Bellwether Education Partners, a national nonprofit organization working to support educational innovation and improve educational outcomes for underserved students. Rotherham leads Bellwether’s policy analysis and thought leadership work. He is also executive editor of Real Clear Education, a contributing editor to U.S. News & World Report, writes the blog Eduwonk.com, teaches at The University of Virginia and is a senior advisor at Whiteboard Advisors. Among previous roles, Rotherham served at The White House as special assistant to the president for domestic policy during the Clinton administration, on the Virginia board of education, and was education columnist for TIME. Rotherham is author or editor of four books and numerous articles on educational policy. He serves on the board of directors for the Curry School of Education Foundation at the University of Virginia, The 74, and the international board of directors for Classroom Champions as well as advisory boards for a variety of organizations including Education Pioneers, the National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research, the Center for Reinventing Public Education and The National Young Farmers Coalition. Rotherham is a fellow and moderator in the Aspen Global Leadership Network.
Paul Toner, J.D.
Paul F. Toner is currently the executive director of Teach Plus Massachusetts, where he works to engage and elevate the voices of teachers in local, state and national education policy. Prior to Teach Plus, Toner served as vice president and president of the 113,000 member Massachusetts Teachers Association (MTA) from 2006 to 2014 after serving as president of the Cambridge Teachers Association (CTA) from 2001 to 2006. As leader of the MTA and CTA, he was a strong advocate for educators and students while working with district and state leaders to focus on improving student achievement through labor-management collaboration. During his tenure, he worked to make the union the voice of the education profession and an integral partner in shaping education policy and legislation. He also helped to create and launch the Massachusetts Education Partnership, a labor-management support organization focused on improving student achievement. Toner is a member of the Massachusetts Board of Higher Education and has served on numerous state and national education committees and task forces. He is also a Pahara-Aspen Teacher Leader Fellow and member of the Broad Academy class of 2017.
Kirsten Baesler is the elected state superintendent of the North Dakota Department of Public Instruction. She was reelected to her second term in November, 2016.
Prior to assuming her elected state position, Superintendent Baesler had a 23-year career with North Dakota’s largest school district,Bismarck’s public schools. Ms. Baesler served as a vice principal, library media specialist, classroom teacher and instructional assistant.
Superintendent Baesler served on the Mandan school board for nine years, including seven years as its president.
She holds two associates’ degrees from Bismarck State College, a bachelor’s degree in education from Minot State University, master’s degrees in education and library information technology from Valley City State University, and completed the Harvard Graduate School Educational Leadership Program.
Superintendent Baesler serves on 15 boards, including the Education Standards and Practices Board; the Educational Technology Council; the Teachers’ Fund for Retirement board; and the Board of University and School Lands, which manages state land holdings and oversees a $3 billion trust fund that benefits North Dakota’s public schools.
She is a member of the board of directors for the National Dropout Prevention Center at Clemson University, and a member of the Joe Foss Institute’s Civics Education Initiative advisory board.
Superintendent Baesler is a native of Flasher, N.D., lives in Mandan, N.D., and has three adult sons.
Neal McCluskey is the director of Cato’s Center for Educational Freedom. He is the author of the book Feds in the Classroom: How Big Government Corrupts, Cripples, and Compromises American Education and is co-editor of Educational Freedom: Remembering Andrew Coulson, Debating His Ideas. He also maintains Cato’s Public Schooling Battle Map, an interactive database of values and identity-based conflicts in public schools. His writings have appeared in such publications as the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, and Forbes. In addition to his written work, McCluskey has appeared on PBS, CNN, the Fox News Channel, and numerous radio programs.
McCluskey holds an undergraduate degree from Georgetown University, where he double-majored in government and English, has a master’s degree in political science from Rutgers University, Newark, and holds a PhD in public policy from George Mason University.