After All These Years,
Can’t We Reach Common Ground on School Funding?

Part 1 – Setting the Stage
AND // The California Model with Michael Kirst

Part 2 – Forging Agreement from Karen Jez
AND // A Feature on Titusville, Pennsylvania

Part 3 – Building the Path to Equity from William Hite, Jr.
AND // A Feature on Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

In This Article

“To move further toward true equity means tying funding down to the individual pupil needs.”

Magnifying Glass - Funding Resources

Funding Resources

Books, White Papers and Studies

“The Relationship Between School Spending and Student Achievement: A Review and Analysis of 35 Years of Production Function Research”
— Deborah A. Verstegen and Richard A. King

“Does Money Matter?: The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success”
— Eric A. hanushek

“The Political Dynamics of American Education”
— Michael Kirst


“…education and economic development leaders need to sit together and listen with open minds to reach common ground…”




This map of all Philadelphia public schools (district and charter) displays each of our school’s performance on our School Progress Report. This is an accountability framework using an overall index score from three domains for all schools and a fourth domain for high schools: achievement, progress, climate and college and career readiness for high schools. Schools with the lowest index scores across each domain fall in the bottom quartile (red) and represent schools whose progress report score is 25 or below. The next group features the schools with an index score of 26-50 (orange). Schools that make up the top two quartiles, 51-75 and 76-100, are the green and purple schools, respectively.

“Seeking to find common ground with these stakeholders community has allowed us to considerable progress Philadelphia over the last five years, and I am grateful for that.”

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